Bed bugs are small reddish black bugs, with round and flat bodies. These flat bodies help them to fit into tight places, and crawl around beneath heavy objects without fear of being squashed or flattened. They are most often found on mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and in bedding- giving them their name. However, bed bugs also have the potential to live in many other hard to identify places such as in furniture, carpet, rugs, and even in stranger places such as electronics or baseboards.
The worst part about bed bugs is how difficult they are to identify inside of the home.In many cases your infestation will be several months deep before it ever becomes apparent enough that it is detected. Bed bugs do not have to feed every day, week, or even month. These blood thirsty bugs can go long periods between meals and can also feed from other animals such as cats, dogs, birds, bats, and more.
Bed bugs often hitch their way into a home by attaching themselves to clothing, fabric, suitcases, used furniture, and more. Once they enter, the problem will begin to exponentially grow at a rapid rate that is cause for alarm.
When it comes to bed bugs, all it takes is one impregnated female to have a full blown infestation. ONce they find their way in they will begin reproducing immediately. With female bed bugs laying anywhere between 1 and 5 eggs every day and somewhere up to 250 eggs in a lifetime. These eggs are smaller than a poppy seed, making them extremely difficult to detect.
Once an egg is hatched, the baby bed bugs, known as nymphs, will only need to feed on a host one time in order to molt into the next stage of their development. Bed bugs reach full maturity in 5 stages, before they also begin to reproduce. This process takes anywhere between 4 and 6 weeks to complete, depending on the environment in which the nymph lives and how easy it is for them to find a blood meal.
In a year, it is possible to have 3 fully fleshed out generations of bed bugs inhabiting your space. While these bugs do not multiply as quickly as many others, they do have a higher survival rate as nearly all of their eggs are viable and go on to successfully hatch into nymphs.